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The basic Eight Palaces Gua is arranged in the order of Kin, Chan, Ham, Kan, Kwan, Shun, Lei and Tui, with Kin commands 3 sons while Kwan accords 3 daughters. Such systematic arrangement with little changes cannot explain the Yin and Yang concept and the changes within. On the other hand author has different view on such issue.
The arrangement of Eight Palaces Gua in order of Kin, Chan, Ham, Kan, Kwan, Shun, Lei and Tui, with Kin commands three sons while the Kwan accords three daughters, this is the general conviction of most I-Ching scholars. With no dispute that Jin Fang finding was base on the text of “Shui Gua Chuan”. It is based on the arrangement of Eight basic Guas as Eight palaces; with each Gua has it own six Yaos, called ‘Chong Gua”, the two sets of three Yaos stack on each other to become six Yaos of ‘Chong Gua’. Every palace gradually changing the first Yao to become a new Gua. For instant, six Yaos of Kin Gua with changes in first Yao has resulted first three Yaos still a Kin Gua and the upper three Yaos become Shun Gua called Tian Feng Guo Gua and so on. The fourth changes swayed away from Kin and change from Kin to Kwan. As a result of such conflict with Kwan Gua, therefore the six changes revert back to fourth Yao changes, as result Fire Earth Chun Gua emerged as Yu Wen Gua and last Gua with Gui Wen Gua. Such changes are acceptable and recognized by many scholars and also the sole explanation on Jin Fang Eight Palaces thus far. So far such changes would only explain the changes in the Gua within the eight palaces and nowhere to explain the Yin and Yang concept. ‘Jin Shi Yi’ constantly discussed the Yin and Yang in line with the concept of changes that evolved around Yin and Yang, with Yin set and Yang rise and vice versa. Such changes involve the cosmic and human indefinitely.
I-Ching scholar arranged the Eight Palaces Gua accordingly but that could not be his intention to begin with. Such arrangement did have flaws and sad to know that it cannot perform to fullest. For example, how the 4 main Guas and 4 corners Guas perform and function appropriately? How to interpret the meaning of ‘Fei Pu Yu Qiu’? Every Gua and every Yao has its own Yin and Yang, Si and Ying’s Yin and Yang, the Lok Shu magic number’s trail and so on. Today let me explain briefly such queries.
Lo Shu Trail
‘Jin Shi Yi Chuan’ mentioned that Fire and Metal in Period 2 combined as Earth’s Koon, it is a conviction that the Eight Palaces Gua is based on the Lok Shu magic numbers, 94 as metal, 16 as water 27 as fire, 38 as wood and things repeat it selves every ‘six’ multiple, it is related to eight sequential steps of life journey which begin with start, ignite, journey, experience, fly, hibernate, swim and return. That as a result the 64 Guas are emerged. The observation of comic stars and the changes of topography or landform in which end up with the beginning is synonymous with life and death of living beings.
‘Start’ is explained as a mother who gave birth to new born and the baby start to cry and relevant to the beginning of life force, ‘Journey’ is the journey of life, ‘experience’ is the process of going through the path that might bump into ups and downs of life, which is also the ugliness and happiness of living beings. ‘Chung’ is the sickness and aging process that lead to death. ‘Fly’ is the emotion and feelings related to happiness, kindness and Yang part of life, ‘Hibernate’ is hidden with opportunities and threats, unforeseen circumstances and sadness or Yin part of life. ‘Wander’ is path of life after death and ‘Return’ is associated with reincarnation of living beings. ‘Begin’ is associated with the beginning and ending of life forces.
Yin and Yang of Guas
Heaven (Cosmic) is Yang, Earth is Yin, and The 8 Palaces of Guas is divided is equally to:
32 Yang Guas.
The Yang Guas are: Kin乾, Gou姤, Dun遯, Pei否, Shun巽, Siao Xu小畜, Jia Ren家人, Yi益, Kan艮, Pen賁, Da Xu大畜, Seun損, Kwan坤, Pu復, Lin臨, Tai泰, Chan震,Yee豫, Kai解, Hang恆, Tui兌, Kun困, Sui萃, Xian咸,Ham坎, Ji節, Tun屯, kei ji 既濟, Lei離, Rui旅, Ding鼎, wei ji未濟．
32 Yin Guas
The Yin Guas are:Kwun觀, mok剝, Chin晉, Da Yu大有, Wu Mang无妄, Ser He噬嗑, Yi頤, Gu蠱, Kwai睽, Li履, Chong Fu中孚, Chien漸, Da Chuang大壯, Kui夬, She需, Pi比, Shen升, Jing井, Da Guo大過, Chui隨, Jin蹇, Chian謙, Xiao Guo小過, Kui Mei歸妹, Ker革, Feng豐, Ming Ye明夷, Ser師, Mong蒙, Huan渙, Zhong訟, Dong Ren同人．
The combination of both Yin and Yang existed in line with the formation of Guas that begin with Fly, Hibernate, Wander and Return in ‘Chong Gua’ with the track of Lok Shu magic square. This is critical symmetrically to the journey of life forces.
Chu Xi mentioned ‘The ignition of Heaven and Earth has resulted in Yin and Yang, the interaction of the two energies has created life forms and forces. This creation has led to the forming of identify. Life and death, male and female, static and dynamic, contract and expand, up and down, whole and part, solid versus gases and the list goes. Jin Fang has placed great emphasis on the Yin and Yang concept. This has led to the conviction of using Eight Palaces Gua. The Yin and Yang not limited to the Eight Palaces Gua but the Yaos in between the Guas. This is the real essence to explain life form.
By Grand Master Lau
Translated by Kerby Kuek
Chief Disciple of Xuan Kong Zhang Pai School
易學大師普遍將八宮卦排序為乾 震 坎 艮 坤 巽 離 兌，謂乾統三男，坤統三女，這是普遍易學大師的認同,均認為京氏取義于《說卦傳》．而它的排演方法是以八個基本卦為八宮，自身重卦而成本宮卦．例如：乾卦由三畫爻重疊三畫爻構成六畫爻為乾卦，其它七卦如此類推．每宮逐步改變每一爻，為一個新卦，如：乾卦六爻，初爻陽變為陰，外卦為乾，內卦為巽，為天風姤，其它如此類推．當逐步向上變演變時，到乾宮上爻，再變坤卦，故與坤宮有所抵觸了，所以將第六次變動改為四爻變，為游魂爻火地晉，下一爻為歸魂爻，乾卦外爻變內卦，剛第四爻變時為離卦，為外卦，為火天大有，其它七宮如此類推．這種逐步變爻方法，普遍來說都被大部份易學大師所認同，也是他們唯一對京氏八宮卦解釋推演．此種排列方法只能夠說明八宮卦系統性，嚴謹性地變動，而它不能說明陰陽之道，《京氏易》處處論陰陽，”易者變也，陰極則陽來，陰消則陽長”，而此種逐爻變方法只能說明到爻中陰陽，不能明確地顯示卦中也有陰陽，說明宇宙之道，人事之道．